GUIDES & RESOURCES

NBN Fibre to the Premises (FTTP)

The NBN can be delivered to your home or business in a few different ways. This article is about one of those methods which is called Fibre to the Premises. (FTTP).
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What is Fibre to the Premises (FTTP)?

FTTP is simply one of the types of NBN connection available. In fact, it’s considered to be the fastest fixed line NBN technology currently available. So if your home qualifies for a Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) NBN connection, you're in luck.

How does FTTP work?

The NBN network is delivered into your neighbourhood by a series of fibre optic cables. These deliver the internet at fast speeds and with better reliability. The original NBN plan was that these cables would run right to all homes on the NBN. Unfortunately, however, that is only the case for the lucky few who get Fibre to the Premises. For other connection types the fibre network generally runs to a local hub where it’s then delivered to individual customers via a slower, existing medium, like copper. Unlike fibre optic, copper can negatively affect the internet speed you receive, depending on how far your house is from the hub.

An FTTP connection enables your house or business to be connected directly to the NBN network through a fibre optic cable. Because fibre optic cables make up the communication backbone of the NBN, FTTP can usually deliver speeds as advertised.

How does FTTP differ from other NBN connections?

FTTP was the initial design for the NBN, proposed by the Australian Government in 2009. This plan was changed in 2013 in favour of a Multi-Technology Mix (MTM) platform (which is cheaper to implement). FTTP is now just one of the options in the MTM, which has replaced much of the planned FTTP network with infrastructure using existing copper networks to connect NBN users. There are several wired versions which use fibre up to a certain point and then the existing copper network carries the NBN the rest of the way to your house. These are:

In simple terms, the nearer the fibre is to your premises, the faster and more reliable your internet service will be. On top of this there is also Fixed Wireless NBN. This is particularly useful for more remote premises which may not be close to any fibre supply. Meanwhile, some island locations, (eg Norfolk, Christmas and Lord Howe Islands) receive their NBN via 2 SkyMuster satellites, however, they do not enjoy anything like the internet speeds of the mainland. FTTP is different to all other methods as it is the only one which carries the network directly to your premises along the fibre cable.

Who can access FTTP?

FTTP is more likely to be available if you live in a newer housing development, where there is no existing copper network. In this case, a connection to the house is required and continuing the Fibre to the Premises is the easiest way to do that. Fibre to the Premises is also often available in areas where the NBN infrastructure was installed before 2013 and the introduction of MTM platform.

How fast is FTTP?

In a word, fast. Whereas some other connections won’t be able to deliver the highest Mbps rates of the NBN, if you have Fibre to the Premises you’ll typically have the widest choice of the available NBN speeds. In some cases this can be around 150 mbps and up to 250 mbps even in busy times. Of course, you don’t have to choose such a fast plan, but, as FTTP connects directly to the wider NBN network through a fibre optic cable, you shouldn’t generally have trouble achieving closer to the maximum download and upload speeds advertised. Keep in mind, as well as the plan you choose and connection type, speed can also be affected by network congestion during peak times.

How does FTTP work?Source: https://www.nbnco.com.au/residential/learn/network-technology/fibre-to-the-premises-explained-fttp.html

What equipment do I need?

FTTP may require in-home cabling, an NBN utility box to be installed outside your home or business, an NBN connection box (outside or inside) and a power supply unit (inside). These are provided as part of the NBN rollout. The only equipment you'll need to supply is a wireless router that plugs into the NBN connection box via an ethernet cable. However, if you’re in a Greenfields area – generally this includes new buildings or developments – you’ll need to pay a flat fee of $300 to connect to the NBN. Each connection box has two UNI-V phone ports, allowing you to connect your existing phone and keep your existing phone number. (Note that because the connection box draws on 240V power, you won't be able to use the phone power outage. The exception is if you have battery backup and a correctly connected corded phone; a battery backup could keep the phone line active for up to five hours.)

How do I compare internet plans?

If you’re looking for an NBN plan that suits your budget and lifestyle, iSelect can help. Start comparing NBN plans on offer from our range of providers today, or call our friendly team on 13 19 20.

Sources:
1. https://www.nbnco.com.au/learn/speed
2. https://www.nbnco.com.au/develop-or-plan-with-the-nbn/new-developments/government-policy-for-new-developments
3. https://www.nbnco.com.au/content/dam/nbnco2/documents/voice-on-the-nbn-fact-sheet.pdf


Last Updated: 25/06/2021

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