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The year 2000 was a heady time for Australians. We got to celebrate not being wiped out by the Y2K bug. We got to critique Nikki Webster’s performance at the Sydney Olympics. And … we got DSL Internet.1
More than 20 years on, DSL isn’t quite the innovation it used to be. While it was a big step up from its predecessor (remember dial-up?), it’s now almost defunct, with a little over 100,000 Australians still using it.2
DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line, and it’s the umbrella term for all those other types of Internet connection with similar names, like ADSL and ADSL2+. It’s a type of Internet connection that’s transmitted through copper wiring. The copper wires were installed for the landline phone network, and they’re not ideal for Internet connections. Because copper wires lose signal over time, on the DSL network, the closer your house is to your provider, the higher your Internet speed, and the further away you are, the lower your speed.
Back in 2000, when DSL was rolled out, most houses already had copper wiring set up. DSL jumped on the existing technology, which meant many homes across the country could get connected fast.
The rollout was a big deal for two reasons: first, DSL was a whopping hundred times faster than dial-up.3 And second – and maybe even more impressively – unlike dial-up, DSL meant you could use the Internet and the home phone at the same time.
DSL connections are still available in Australia, though they’re being progressively decommissioned and replaced by the NBN.4 There are certain areas, though, where DSL is not being decommissioned – specifically, areas that fall outside NBN Co’s fixed wireless and satellite footprints.5 (You can check your address here.)
ADSL was already on the way out back in 2021, with fewer than 300,000 connections.6 As of June 2023, the switch to NBN is going strong, with over 8.7 million services active in Australia.7
The most prominent types of DSL connection in Australia are:
If you’re searching for a new Internet Plan, there are more modern options available, including NBN and Mobile Broadband.
The NBN is Australia’s national broadband network, which is mostly transmitted through fibre-optic cables, rather than copper wires. Fibre-optic cables are designed to transfer large amounts of data and don’t lose their signal over long distances. This makes them better suited to the way most people use the Internet today, offering higher speeds and higher capacity.
Remember, ‘Fixed NBN’ just refers to how the Internet is delivered to your house, not how you use it once it’s there. In other words, you can have Fixed NBN and still use Wi-Fi at home.
In remote regions where houses are far apart from each other, making it very expensive to install fibre-optic cables, NBN access is provided in two different ways:
If you’re switching from DSL to NBN Internet but don’t want to lose your home phone, don’t stress. You can actually make phone calls over your Internet connection. Many NBN providers offer combined NBN and Phone Plans – and you can often keep your old phone number too!11
Mobile Broadband uses 3G, 4G and 5G cellular networks to connect your device to the Internet via a dongle or portable Wi-Fi router. In theory, it should allow you to access the Internet anywhere your phone network reaches.
Ready to find an NBN Plan that suits you? Save time and effort by comparing a range of Internet Plans here.*
1 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – Telecommunication Infrastructures in Australia 2001, p56
2 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – NBN Wholesale Market Indicators Report
3 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – Telstra commits to unbundling its local loop at the same time as offering its own high-speed services
4 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – NBN Wholesale Market Indicators Report
5 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – Communications market report 2021–22, p10
6 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission – NBN Wholesale Market Indicators Report
7 As above
8 NBN Co – NBN technology 101: what is FTTN?
9 NBN Co – NBN Fixed Wireless explained
10 NBN Co – NBN Sky Muster satellite service explained
11 Aussie Broadband – VoIP on the NBN: a guide for businesses